Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer in men after skin cancer with 1 in 9 men receiving a diagnosis in their lifetimes. It’s more commonly found in men over age 65, and African-American men are more likely to be diagnosed. However, because of regular screening and advances in prostate cancer treatments, most men with prostate cancer do not die from it.
Several types of cells are found in the prostate, but almost all prostate cancers develop from the gland cells (the cells that make the prostate fluid that is added to the semen). The medical term for a cancer that starts in gland cells is adenocarcinoma.
Prostate cancer is somewhat different from other types of cancers because it’s typically slow-growing and can sometimes be monitored for years before treatment is needed. Learn more about how prostate cancer is detected and treated so you can take an active role in making decisions about your care.
Prostate Cancer Risk Factors
Understanding the risk factors of prostate cancer is important; it allows men to control the risk factors they can and coordinate with their primary care provider for prevention and early detection.
Prostate Cancer Signs & Symptoms
As prostate cancer progresses, it produces some common symptoms. Learn more about the signs and symptoms to watch for. If you notice any of the the signs and symptoms it's important to visit your primary care provider.
Prostate Cancer Testing & Diagnosis
Your doctor can check for prostate cancer before you have any symptoms. During an office visit, your doctor will ask about your personal and family medical history. You’ll have a physical exam.
Prostate Cancer Staging
When prostate cancer spreads, it’s often found in nearby lymph nodes. If cancer has reached these nodes, it also may have spread to other lymph nodes, the bones, or other organs.
Prostate Cancer Treatment Options
The treatment that’s right for you depends mainly on your age, the grade of the tumor (the Gleason score), the number of biopsy tissue samples that contain cancer cells, the stage of the cancer, your symptoms, and your general health. Your doctor can describe your treatment choices, the expected results of each, and the possible side effects.